B3 Challenge Group

The B3 Challenge Group in Chemical Engineering-Bioenergy is a multidisciplinary, multicultural group of PGRs and PDRAs sharing the same vision and passion for low carbon environmental friendly solutions. Our motto is: "do not waste… your waste!"


The B3 (Biomass Waste-Bioenergy-Biochars) Challenge Group contacts fundamental and applied research that is directly applicable to industrial problem-solving. We are also providing efficient and resilient biomass waste-to-energy solutions by developing novel processes for the exploitation of underestimated streams of waste for energy generation, upgrading them by novel pre-treatments and thermochemical processing (mainly pyrolysis, gasification and clean combustion) for sustainable energy production in residential and industrial sectors.


Group lead

Dr Vasiliki (Vicky) Skoulou

Telephone +44 (0)1482 465116

The Challenge

The B3 Challenge Group focusses on fundamental and applied industrially driven research for waste upgrading and waste to energy low carbon solutions as well as developing novel processes for integration of RES with conventional energy production practises, for a sustainable resource usage and upgrading the waste streams to useful energy and fuels.

Specializes in advanced thermal (pyrolysis) /thermochemical (carbonization, gasification and clean combustion) processes of lignocellulosic biomass residues, fossil fuels, and waste of varying nature and their blends as well as designing of thermochemical reactors for bioenergy, H2 and chars- activated carbons productions and emissions control.

The Approach

Covering the kind of activity you undertake. How you work collaboratively. How you disseminate findings.

The B3 Challenge Group draws together Chemical Engineering expertise from the University of Hull and a inter- and multi-disciplinary pool of partners from industry and national and international academia such as KTH, QMU, ICL, AUTH, UCU, UCY, FEI, HMU, EUC, Petronas, Aston, and research institutes (DEMOCRITUS, CPERI/CERTH, MAICH, CERIDES), to develop industrial problem solving solutions to the challenges facing the bioenergy and biowaste upgrading sectors for industrial and residential sector.

The B3 Challenge group focusses on the pre-treatment of biomass waste, low carbon thermal/ thermochemical treatments including pyrolysis and gasification of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks for syngas, H2 productions and chars, pyrolysis products. Research activity aims to improve efficiencies at all stages of industrial bio waste-to-energy production from investigation of biomass feedstock pre-treatments, through development of thermochemical reactors for bioenergy production to manufacture of high-value chemical bi-products such as biochar.

This research has been funded by:



  • To address industrial challenges relating to biomass and waste feedstock usage and waste-to-energy production solutions.
  • To work closely with industry and multidisciplinary international academia to generate ground-breaking research driven solutions with direct application to industrial processes for the benefit of the society.
  • To influence the development of waste to energy management strategic plans and guidelines.
  • To contribute to the global move towards a zero-carbon future via the clean growth elements of the UK’s Industrial Strategy, and UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  • To develop broad collaborative links between national and international academia, industry, NGOs and government, to promote low carbon, circular economy solutions to the energy crisis, and to mitigate the energy poverty in rural and low-income communities.
  • To train the future RES energy related engineers in order to provide resilient waste to energy related solutions for the benefit of the global communities




Accelerating a net zero future. Improving health outcomes. Promoting justice and fairness for all. Living with water. Enhancing heritage and creative industries.

Our research impacts the world.

And you can be part of it.

Join our vibrant research community and help find solutions to some of the biggest challenges facing the world today.