Due to the devastating increase in serious violence-related incidents, the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 created the Serious Violence Duty, which requires specified authorities, to collaborate and plan to prevent and reduce serious violence.
Violence Reduction Units (VRUs) were created and funded by the Home Office (a total of £35 million) to bring together a multi-agency partnership responsible for leading and coordinating the local response to serious violence using an evidence-based public health approach (the public health approach acknowledges that to see a change in behaviour we must examine both the context and influences that impact individuals at significant points in their lives and thus it ensures that violence should not be seen as an isolated incident.) 18 VRUs were established in England and Wales in 2019/2020, building on work done previously in Scotland.
The Humberside police force area (East Riding of Yorkshire, Hull, North-East Lincolnshire, and North Lincolnshire) was invited to establish their own VRU which started in 2022. This is known as the Humber Violence Prevention Partnership. The Humber VPP will be awarded a total of £3.5 million to develop and operate the partnership over the next three years to identify the causes of violent crime and lead the local response to preventing and reducing violence through targeted interventions. The Humber VPP appointed the University of Hull as the evaluation partner. The evaluation team is made up of academics drawn from the School of Criminology, Sociology & Policing, School of Psychology and Social Work, and the Wilberforce Institute. The team is led by Prof. Simon Green and Dr Nicola O’Leary whose research expertise includes victimology, restorative justice, and community safety.