An export can be any transfer of goods, software or technology. This includes traditional exports such as shipping machinery, as well as the transfer of information in both physical and digital forms e.g. via USB, via email, through phone conversations, at conference presentations, or on Teams calls. The movement of items out of the UK is not limited to physical items.
Generally, UK export controls regulate movement between countries, regardless of the nationality of the person receiving the items or information. This means that even actions such as taking your own information abroad, or accessing information via email or through the cloud while outside the UK, are considered exports.
However, some export control restrictions apply even when goods are not being transferred from the UK to another country, these are WMD End-Use Controls (may be used as part of a weapons of mass destruction programme).
You must not export items (goods, software or technology) you know or suspect may be used to make chemical, biological or nuclear weapons of mass destruction. This includes controlled dual use items and non-physical items, as detailed above.
There are also Government restrictions on certain non-UK persons studying specific subjects in the UK under the Academic Technology Approval Scheme. This scheme applies to subjects and research areas where knowledge could be used in programmes to develop Advanced Conventional Military Technology (ACMT), Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) or their means of delivery. For ATAS enquiries, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org