The research detailed the implications for the design of social cash transfer schemes and provided a range of policy briefings. A key finding was that cash transfers are viewed by recipients as invaluable for poverty reduction, but their full effects depend on how they intervene in social relations. Schemes that target vulnerable households are based on inadequate understanding of household dynamics, and as a consequence are perceived as arbitrary and unfair.
Cash transfers to the elderly (particularly where they are universal) are perceived to be fairer than those to young adults and may contribute more to community bonds, though young people may invest more in productive activities. Unearned transfers to young adults may promote social isolation; public works schemes are widely viewed as a more legitimate way of assisting young families.