[ ENGLISH ]
PLACE NAMES: (850 - 1066 AD)
V I K I N G S
DANES AND NORDIC RAIDERS-cum-INVADERS
Although we often think of the Vikings for their 'raping
& pillaging', they may well have had an axe to kill in one hand, but in the other
was a spade to till the soil they settled.
Worshippers in churches throughout Christian Europe added to their prayers "from the fury of the Norsemen, good Lord, deliver us!". It was a time of terror for civilized and settled England.
The Viking axe not only felled their enemies, but large areas of England's thick woodlands. A clearing in a wood they called a
Thus hundreds of place-names end this way:
-THORPE = secondary / outlying farm these were added to an owner's name who had chosen that place of settlement:
-TOFT = site of a house:
FLEET = fleet:
-KIRK = church:
Falkirk / Kirkella / Falkirk / Kirkcaldy
-THWAITE clearing in the woods:
-HOLME = small island or land at the bend of a river:
One example of a Viking settlement replacing a Saxon one was NORTHWORTHY which became DERBY meaning 'A place where deer are found'. Derbyshire is one of the few counties named after the Vikings. What about Yorkshire?