Landed Family and Estate Papers Subject Guide

Tempest family, of Bolton, Lancashire

The Tempest family of Yorkshire and Lancashire could trace its history back to the twelfth-century founder of the priory of Bolton. Sir Piers Tempest (born 1390s), who was knighted at Agincourt, was the founder of two major landowning branches of the family. Sir Richard Tempest (d.1489) fought at Towton and was buried at Giggleswick church with the head of his horse beside him. His grandson fought at Flodden and is reputed to have built Bracewell House. A junior member of the family built Tong Hall which stayed in the family from at least the late sixteenth century. Sir John Tempest (d.1693) was born there as was his younger brother, Pierce Tempest (1653-1712), the printseller and publisher of the Strand. The papers relate to a junior branch of the family established at Broughton. Stephen Tempest built the manor house at Broughton in 1597 and was knighted by James I. Another Stephen Tempest (1654-1742) was lord of the manor for 70 years and was responsible for improving the house and gardens. His son, Stephen Tempest (d.1744), was author of the Religio Laici . The Tempests, both at Broughton and Tong, were longstanding recusants. Stephen Walter Tempest (1719-1784) was succeeded by Stephen Tempest (1756-1824), who inherited not only through his parents, but also the manor of Colby in Lincolnshire through his great grandmother and some of the Lostock estates inherited by his wife, Elizabeth Blundell. His son, Charles Robert Tempest (1794-1865), was High Sheriff of Yorkshire. When he died, the family property passed down through his younger brother Henry Tempest, and his grand-daughter, Ethel Mary Tempest (b.1864), married Miles Stapleton, 10th Lord Beaumont of Carlton Towers, in 1892. Their daughter, Mona Josephine Tempest Stapleton, inherited the Bolton and Carlton Towers estates when less than a year old. She also inherited her father's baronetcy, becoming the 11th Baroness Beaumont in 1896. The papers of the Tempest family of Bolton (Heaton, Rumworth, Lostock, Deane) and Broughton Hall are embedded within the larger archive of the Stapleton family of Carlton Towers. They include circa 1750 estate letters to Charles Henry Tempest (1885-1894) and his divorce papers. There are 500 letters and other material relating to the rocky financial affairs of his son, Henry Arthur Joseph Tempest, and further material relating to the financial affairs of his daughter, Ethel Mary Tempest, and her daughter, Mona Josephine. [DDCA(2)/60; DDCA(4)]

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